Current Affairs Pocket : 14th June 2019

The Union Cabinet approved an extension of Presidents rule in Jammu and Kashmir
* The Union Cabinet approved an extension of President’s rule in Jammu and Kashmir for six more months beginning July 3. The central rule has been continuing in Jammu and Kashmir since June 20, 2018.
* After the approval of the Union Cabinet, the President Ram Nath Kovind will sign the proclamation for imposition of President’s rule in the state.
* The President’s rule which was imposed in J&K on 20 December, 2018 expires on July 2. The Governor of J&K Satypal Malik has also recommended that the President rule in the state may be extended for a further period of six months with effect from July 3. This is because, Under Section 92 of the Constitution of J&K, there is no provision for further continuation of Governor’s rule after six months.

India ranked 113 out of 176 countries in End of Childhood Index
* According to the 3rd End of Childhood Index Global Childhood Report 2019, India ranked 113 in 176 countries with 769 scores out of 1000.
* The Index released on May 28, 2019, by ‘Save the Children’, a United Kingdom (13K) based non-profit organization which works for child rights.
* The countries are decided on 8 parameters namely child mortality, malnutrition, lack of education, child labour, early marriage, adolescent birth, displacement by conflict and child homicide. Scores were out of 1000.The country topped Singapore with a score of 989 . 8 European countries figured among the top 10.South Korea at 10th position. The last rank is given to the Central African Republic 394.
* India ranked fourth and Bhutan (98), Sri Lanka (56) and China (36)
* The rate of child marriage reduced to 25%
* The biggest score witnessed in Latvia and Estonia (both up 40 points from 927 to 967) and Lithuania (up 39 points from 934 to 973).

Global Peace Index 2019: India Ranks 141st, Iceland Tops
* India’s rank has slipped five places to 141 among 163 countries on the Global Peace Index 2019, while Iceland remains the most peaceful country and Afghanistan the least peaceful nation, as per the report by Australian think tank Institute for Economics & Peace.
* It ranks countries according to their level of peacefulness based on three thematic domains — the level of societal safety and security, the extent of ongoing domestic and international conflict and the degree of militarisation.
* Iceland remains the most peaceful country in the world, a position it has held since 2008. Afghanistan is now the least peaceful country in the world, replacing Syria, which is now the second least peaceful.
* In South Asia, Bhutan topped the index with 15th rank, followed by Sri Lanka 72, Nepal 76 and Bangladesh 101. The neighbouring country Pakistan has been ranked 153rd on the index.

Government Reduces the Rate of ESI Contribution from 6.5% to 4%
* The government has reduced the total rate of contribution made by workers and employers towards the Employees’ State Insurance (ESI) scheme from 6.5% to 4% for the first time in over two decades.
* At present, nearly 4.75% of a worker’s monthly salary goes towards ESI as the employer’s contribution and 1.75% of the income is the employee’s share at present.
* Now, 3.25% will be the employer’s share and 0.75% the employee’s.
This will be effective from July 1, 2019.

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